## Important Questions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 7 Coordinate Geometry

### Coordinate Geometry Class 10 Important Questions Very Short Answer (1 Mark)

Question 1.

Find the distance of the point (-3, 4) from the x-axis. (2012OD)

Solution:

B(-3, 0), A (-3, 4)

Question 2.

If the points A(x, 2), B(-3, 4) and C(7, -5) are collinear, then find the value of x. (2014D)

Solution:

When the points are collinear,

x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2}) = 0

x(-4 – (-5)) + (-3)(-5 – 2) + 7(2 – (-4)) = 0

x(1) + 21 + 42 = 0

x + 63 = 0 ∴ x = -63

Question 3.

For what value of k will k + 9, 2k – 1 and 2k + 7 are the consecutive terms of an A.P.? (2016OD)

Solution:

As we know, a_{2} – a_{1} = a_{3} – a_{2}

2k – 1 – (k + 9) = 2k + 7 – (2k – 1)

2k – 1 – k – 9 = 2k + 7 – 2k + 1

k – 10 = 8 ∴ k = 8 + 10 = 18

Question 4.

In which quadrant the point P that divides the line segment joining the points A(2, -5) and B(5,2) in the ratio 2 : 3 lies? (2011D)

Solution:

Question 5.

ABCD is a rectangle whose three vertices are B(4, 0), C(4, 3) and D(0, 3). Calculate the length of one of its diagonals. (2014OD)

Solution:

AB = 4 units

BC = 3 units

AC^{2} = AB^{2} + BC^{2} …[Pythagoras’ theorem

= (4)^{2} + (3)^{2}

= 16 + 9 = 25

∴ AC = 5 cm

Question 6.

In the figure, calculate the area of triagle ABC (in sq. units). (2013D)

Solution:

Area of ∆ABC = (frac{1}{2}) × base × corr, altitude

= (frac{1}{2}) × 5 × 3 = 7.5 sq.units

### Coordinate Geometry Class 10 Important Questions Short Answer-I (2 Marks)

Question 7.

Find a relation between x and y such that the point P(x, y) is equidistant from the points A (2, 5) and B (-3, 7). (2011D)

Solution:

Let P (x, y) be equidistant from the points A (2, 5) and B (-3, 7).

∴ AP = BP …[Given

AP^{2} = BP^{2} …[Squaring both sides

(x – 2)^{2} + (y – 5)^{2} = (x + 3)^{2} + (y – 7)^{2}

⇒ x^{2} – 4x + 4 + y^{2} – 10y + 25

⇒ x^{2} + 6x + 9 + y^{2} – 14y + 49

⇒ -4x – 10y – 6x + 14y = 9 +49 – 4 – 25

⇒ -10x + 4y = 29

∴ 10x + 29 = 4y is the required relation.

Question 8.

Find the relation between x and y if the points A(x, y), B(-5, 7) and C(-4, 5) are collinear. (2015OD)

Solution: When points are collinear,

∴ Area of ∆ABC = 0

= (x_{1} (y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})) = 0

= x (7 – 5) – 5 (5 – y) -4 (y – 7) = 0

= 2x – 25 + 5y – 4y + 28 = 0

∴ 2x + y + 3 = 0 is the required relation.

Question 9.

Find the ratio in which the point P(left(frac{3}{4}, frac{5}{12}right)) divides the line segment joining the points A(left(frac{1}{2}, frac{3}{2}right)) and B(2, -5). (2015D)

Solution:

Let P divide AB in the ratio of K : 1.

Applying section formula,

∴ Required ratio = 1 : 5

Question 10.

Find the ratio in which y-axis divides the line segment joining the points A(5, -6), and B(-1, -4). Also find the coordinates of the point of division. (2016D)

Solution:

Let AC: CB = m : n = k : 1.

Question 11.

Let P and Q be the points of trisection of the line segment joining the points A (2, -2) and B (-7, 4) such that P is nearer to A. Find the coordinates of P and Question (2016D)

Solution:

AP : PB = 1 : 2

Coordinates of P are:

Question 12.

Three vertices of a parallelogram taken in order are (-1, 0), (3, 1) and (2, 2) respectively. Find the coordinates of fourth vertex. (2011D)

Solution:

Let A(-1, 0), B(3, 1), C(2, 2) and D(x, y) be the vertices of a parallelogram ABCD taken in order. Since, the diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other.

∴ Coordinates of the mid-point of AC = Coordinates of the mid-point of BD

Hence, coordinates of the fourth vertex, D(-2, 1).

Question 13.

A line intersects the y-axis and x-axis at the points P and Q respectively. If (2, -5) is the mid point of PQ, then find the coordinates of P and Question (2017OD)

Solution:

We know that at y-axis coordinates of points are (0, y) and at x-axis (x, 0).

Let P(0, b) and Q(a,0)

Mid point of PQ = (2, -5) …[Given

Question 14.

Determine the ratio in which the line 3x + y – 9 = 0 divides the segment joining the points (1, 3) and (2, 7). (2011D)

Solution:

Suppose the line 3x + y – 9 = 0 divides the line segment joining A(1, 3) and B(2, 7) in the ratio k : 1 at point C.

⇒ 6k + 3 + 7k + 3 – 9k – 9 = 0

⇒ 4k – 3 = 0

⇒ 4k = 3 ∴ k = 8

So, the required ratio is 3 : 4 internally.

Question 15.

If A(4, 3), B(-1, y) and C(3, 4) are the vertices of a right triangle ABC, right-angled at A, then find the value of y. (2015OD)

Solution:

We have A(4, 3), B(-1, y) and C(3, 4). In right angled triangle ABC,

(BC)^{2} = (AB)^{2} + (AC)…. [Pythagoras theorem

⇒ (-1 – 3)^{2} + (y – 4)^{2} = (4 + 1)^{2} + (3 – y)^{2} + (4 – 3)^{2} + (3 – 4)^{2} …(using distance formula

⇒ (-4)^{2} + (y^{2} – 8y + 16)

⇒ (5)^{2} + (9 – 6y + y^{2}) + (1)^{2} + (-1)^{2}

⇒ y^{2} – 8y + 32 = y^{2} – 6y + 36 = 0

⇒ -8y + 6y + 32 – 36

⇒ -2y – 4 = 0 ⇒ -2y = 4

∴ y = -2

Question 16.

If A(5, 2), B(2, -2) and C(-2, t) are the vertices of a right angled triangle with ∠B = 90°, then find the value of t. (2015D)

Solution:

ABC is a right angled triangle,

∴ AC^{2} = BC^{2} + AB^{2} …(i)… (Pythagoras theorem

Using distance formula,

AB^{2} = (5 – 2)^{2} + (2 + 2)

= 25

BC^{2} = (2 + 2)^{2} + (t + 2)^{2}

= 16 + (t + 2)^{2}

AC^{2} = (5 + 2)^{2} + (2 – t)^{2}

= 49 + (2 – t)^{2}

Putting values of AB^{2}, AC^{2} and BC^{2} in equation (i), we get

49 + (2 – t)^{2} = 16 + (t + 2)^{2} + 25

∴ 49 + (2 – t)^{2} = 41 + (t + 2)^{2}

⇒ (t + 2)^{2} – (2 – t)^{2} = 8

⇒ (t^{2} + 4 + 4t – 4 – t^{2} + 4t) = 8

8t = 8 ⇒ t = 1

Question 17.

Find the area of the triangle whose vertices are (1, 2), (3, 7) and (5, 3).(2011OD)

Solution:

Area of Triangle

= (frac{1}{2}) [x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3} (y_{1} – y_{2})]

= (frac{1}{2})(1(7 – 3) + 3(3 – 2) + 5(2 – 7)]

= (frac{1}{2})[4 + 3 + 5(-5)] = (frac{18}{2}) = 9 sq. unit

Question 18.

The points A(4, 7), B(p, 3) and C(7, 3) are the vertices of a right triangle, right-angled at B. Find the value of p. (2015OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 16, Page 102.

Question 19.

Prove that the points (7, 10), (-2, 5) and (3, -4) are the vertices of an isosceles right triangle. (2013D)

Solution:

Let A (7, 10), B(-2, 5), C(3, -4) be the vertices of a triangle.

… [By converse of Pythagoras theorem

∆ABC is an isosceles right angled triangle. …(ii) From (i) & (ii), Points A, B, C are the vertices of an isosceles right triangle.

### Coordinate Geometry Class 10 Important Questions Short Answer-II (3 Marks)

Question 20.

Find that value(s) of x for which the distance between the points P(x, 4) and Q(9, 10) is 10 units. (2011D)

Solution:

PQ = 10 …Given

PQ^{2} = 10^{2} = 100 … [Squaring both sides

(9 – x)^{2} + (10 – 4)^{2} = 100…(using distance formula

(9 – x)^{2} + 36 = 100

(9 – x)^{2} = 100 – 36 = 64

(9 – x) = ± 8 …[Taking square-root on both sides

9 – x = 8 or 9 – x = -8

9 – 8 = x or 9+ 8 = x

x = 1 or x = 17

Question 21.

Find the value of y for which the distance between the points A (3,-1) and B (11, y) is 10 units. (2011OD)

Solution:

AB = 10 units … [Given

AB^{2} = 10^{2} = 100 … [Squaring both sides

(11 – 3)^{2} + (y + 1)^{2} = 100

8^{2} + (y + 1)^{2} = 100

(y + 1)^{2} = 100 – 64 = 36

y + 1 = ±6 … [Taking square-root on both sides

y = -1 ± 6 ∴ y = -7 or 5

Question 22.

The point A(3, y) is equidistant from the points P(6, 5) and Q(0, -3). Find the value of y. (2011D)

Solution:

PA = QA …[Given

PA^{2} = QA^{2} … [Squaring both sides

(3 – 6)^{2} + (y – 5)^{2} = (3 – 0)^{2} + (y + 3)^{2}

9 + (y – 5)^{2} = 9 + (y + 3)^{2}

(y – 5)^{2} = (y + 3)^{2}

y – 5 = ±(y + 3) … [Taking sq. root of both sides

y – 5 = y + 3 y – 5 = -y – 3

0 = 8 … which is not possible ∴ y = 1

Question 23.

If a point A(0, 2) is equidistant from the points B(3, p) and C(p, 5), then find the value of p. (2012D)

Solution:

Similar to Question 24, Page 103.

Question 24.

Find the value of k, if the point P(2, 4) is equidistant from the points A(5, k) and B(k, 7). (2012OD)

Solution:

Let P(2, 4), A(5, k) and B(k, 7).

PA = PB …[Given

PA^{2} = PB^{2} … [Squaring both sides

(5 – 2)^{2} + (k – 4)^{2} = (k – 2)^{2} + (7 – 4)^{2}

9 + (k – 4)^{2} – (k – 2)^{2} = 9

(k – 4 + k – 2) (k – 4 – k + 2) = 0

(2k – 6)(-2) = 0

2k – 6 = 0

2k = 6 ∴ k = (frac{6}{2}) = 3

Question 25.

If the point P(k – 1, 2) is equidistant from the points A(3, k) and B(k, 5), find the values of k. (2014OD)

Solution:

PA = PB …Given

PA^{2} = PB^{2} … [Squaring both sides

⇒ (k – 1 – 3)^{2} + (2 – k)^{2} = (k – 1 – k)^{2} + (2 – 5)^{2}

⇒ (k – 4)^{2} + (2 – k)^{2} = (-1)^{2} + (-3)^{2}

k^{2} – 8k + 16 + 4 + k^{2} – 4k = 1 + 9

2k^{2} – 12k + 20 – 10 = 0

2k^{2} – 12k + 10 = 0

⇒ k^{2} – 6k + 5 = 0 …[Dividing by

⇒ k^{2} – 5k – k + 5 = 0

⇒ k(k – 5) – 1(k – 5) = 0

⇒ (k – 5) (k – 1) = 0

⇒ k – 5 = 0 or k – 1 = 0

∴ k = 5 or k = 1

Question 26.

Find a point P on the y-axis which is equidistant from the points A(4, 8) and B(-6, 6). Also find the distance AP. (2014OD)

Solution:

Let P(0, y) be any point on y-axis.

PA = PB … [Given

PA^{2} = PB^{2} … [Squaring both sides

⇒ (4 – 0)^{2} + (8 – y)^{2} = (-6 – 0)^{2} + (6 – y)^{2}

16 + 64 – 16y + y^{2} = 36 + 36 + y^{2} – 12y

80 – 72 = -12y + 16y

8 = 4y ⇒ y = 2

∴ Point P (0, 2).

Now, AP = (sqrt{(4-0)^{2}+(8-2)^{2}})

∴ Distance, AP = (sqrt{16+36}=sqrt{52})

Question 27.

If the point P(x, y) is equidistant from the points A(a + b, b – a) and B(a – b, a + b), prove that bx = ay. (2016OD)

Solution:

PA = PB … [Given

PA^{2} = PB^{2} … [Squaring both sides

⇒ [(a + b) – x]^{2} + [(b a) – y)^{2} = [(a – b) – x]^{2} + [(a + b) – y]^{2}

⇒ (a + b)^{2} + x^{2} – 2(a + b)x + (b – a)^{2} + y^{2} – 2(b – a)y = (a – b)^{2} + x^{2} – 2(a – b)x + (a + b)^{2} + y^{2} – 2(a + b)y …[∵ (a – b) ^{2} = (b – a)^{2}

⇒ -2(a + b)x + 2(a – b)x = -2(a + b)y + 2(b – a)y

⇒ 2x(-a – b + a – b) = 2y(-a – b + b – a)

⇒ -2bx = – 2ay

⇒ bx = ay (Hence proved)

Question 28.

If the point A(0, 2) is equidistant from the points B(3, p) and C(p, 5), find p. Also find the length of AB. (2014D)

Solution:

AB = AC … [Given

∴ AB^{2} = AC^{2} …[Squaring both sides

⇒ (3 – 0)^{2} + (p – 2)^{2}= (p – 0)^{2} + (5 – 2)^{2}

⇒ 9+ (p – 2)^{2} = p^{2} + 9

⇒ p^{2} – 4p + 4 – p^{2} = 0

⇒ -4p + 4 = 0

⇒ -4p = -4 ⇒ p = 1

Question 29.

If the point P(2, 2) is equidistant from the points A(-2, k) and B(-2k, -3), find k. Also find the length of AP. (2014D)

Solution:

PA = PB … [Given

PA^{2} = PB^{2} … [Squaring both sides

⇒ (2 + 2)^{2} + (2 – k)^{2} = (2 + 2k)^{2} + (2 + 3)^{2}

16 + 4 + k^{2} – 4k = 4 + 4k^{2} + 8k + 25

4k^{2} + 8k + 25 – k^{2} + 4k – 16 = 0

3k^{2} + 12k + 9 = 0

⇒ k^{2} + 4k + 3 = 0 …[Dividing by 3

k^{2} + 3k + k + 3 = 0

k(k + 3) + 10k + 3) = 0

(k + 1) (k + 3) = 0

k + 1 = 0 ork + 3 = 0

i k = -1 or k = -3

AP = (sqrt{(2+2)^{2}+(2-k)^{2}})

When k = -1

AP =(sqrt{16+(2+1)^{2}}=sqrt{16+9}) = 5 units

When k = -3

AP = (sqrt{16+(2+3)^{2}}=sqrt{16+25}) units

Question 30.

Prove that the points (3, 0), (6, 4) and (-1, 3) are the vertices of a right angled isosceles triangle. (2016OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 19, Page 102.

Question 31.

Prove that the points A(0, -1), B(-2, 3), C(6, 7) and D(8, 3) are the vertices of a rectangle ABCD. (2013D)

Solution:

Opposite sides BC = AD = (4 sqrt{5})

Diag. AC = BD = 10

∴ ABCD is a rectangle.

… [∵ Opp. sides are equal & diagonals are also equal

Question 32.

Show that the points (-2, 3), (8, 3) and (6, 7) are the vertices of a right triangle. (2013D)

Solution:

Let A (-2, 3), B(8,3), C(6, 7).

(AB)^{2} = (8 + 2)^{2} + (3 – 3)^{2} = 10^{2} + 0^{2} = 100

(BC)^{2} = (6 – 8)^{2} + (7 – 3)^{2} = (-2)^{2} + 4^{2} = 20

(AC)^{2} = (6 + 2)^{2} + (7 – 3)^{2} = 8^{2} + 4^{2} = 80

Now, (BC)^{2} + (AC)^{2}= 20 + 80 = 100 = (AB)^{2}

…[By converse of Pythagoras’ theorem

Therefore, Points A, B, C are the vertices of a right triangle.

Question 33.

Prove that the points A(2, 3), B(-2, 2), C(-1, -2) and D(3, -1) are the vertices of a square ABCD. (2013OD)

Solution:

Given: A(2, 3), B(-2, 2), C(-1, -2), D(3, -1)

AB = BC = CD = DA …[All four sides are equal

AC = BD …[Also diagonals are equal

∴ ABCD is a Square.

Question 34.

Prove that the points A(2, -1), B(3, 4), C(-2, 3) and D(-3, -2) are the vertices of a rhombus ABCD. Is ABCD a square? (2013OD)

Solution:

Given: A(2, -1), B(3, 4), C(-2,3), D(-3, -2)

Question 35.

Prove that the diagonals of a rectangle ABCD, with vertices A(2, -1), B(5, -1), C(5, 6) & D(2,6), are equal and bisect each other. (2014OD)

Solution:

∴ Diagonals also bisect each other.

Question 36.

Find that value of k for which point (0, 2), is equidistant from two points (3, k) and (k, 5). (2013OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 29, Page 104.

Question 37.

If the points A(-2, 1), B(a, b) and C(4, -1) are collinear and a – b = 1, find the values of a and (2014D)

Solution:

Since A(-2, 1), B(a, b) and C(4, -1) are collinear.

∴ x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2}) = 0

⇒ -2[b – (-1)] + a(-1 – 1) + 4(1 – b) = 0

⇒ -2b – 2 – 2a + 4 – 4b = 0

⇒ -2a – 6b = -2

⇒ a + 3b = 1 … [Dividing by (-2)

⇒ a = 1 – 3

We have, a – b = 1 …[Given

(1 – 3b) – b = 1 …[From (i)

1 – 3b – b = 1

-4b = 1 – 1 = 0 ∴ b = (frac{0}{-4}) = 0

From (i), a = 1 – 3(0) = 1 – 0 = 1

∴ a = 1, b = 0

Question 38.

If the points A(-1, -4), B(b, c) and C(5, -1) are collinear and 2b + c = 4, find the values of b and c. (2014D)

Solution:

A(-1, -4), B(b, c), C(5, -1) are collinear.

∴ x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2}) = 0

⇒ -1(c + 1) + b(-1 + 4) + 5(-4 – c) = 0

⇒ -c – 1 – b + 4b – 20 – 5c = 0

⇒ 3b – 6c = 21

⇒ – b – 2c = 7 …[Dividing by 3

⇒ b = 7 + 2c

We have, 2b + c = 4 … [Given

2(7 + 2c) + c = 4 … [From (i)

⇒ 14 + 4c + c = 4

⇒ 5c = 4 – 14 = -10 ⇒ c = -2

⇒ b = 7 + 2(-2) = 3 … [From (i)

∴ b = 3, c = -2

Question 39.

Find the area of the triangle ABC with A(1, 4) and mid-points of sides through A being (2, -1) and (0, -1). (2015D)

Solution:

Question 40.

Find the area of the triangle PQR with Q(3, 2) and the mid-points of the sides through Q being (2, -1) and (1, 2). (2015D)

Solution:

Let P(x, y), R(z, t).

Question 41.

Find the ratio in which the y-axis divides the line segment joining the points (-4, -6) and (10, 12). Also find the coordinates of the point of division. (2013D)

Solution:

Question 42.

Find the ratio in which point P(-1, y) lying on the line segment joining points A(-3, 10) and B(6, -8) divides it. Also find the value of y. (20130D)

Solution:

Question 43.

In what ratio does the point (14.4) divide the line segment joining the points P(2, -2) and Q(3, 7)? Also find the value of y. (2017OD)

Solution:

Question 44.

Find the coordinates of a point P on the line segment joining A(1, 2) and B(6, 7) such that AP = AB. (2015OD)

Solution:

Question 45.

Points A(-1, y) and B(5, 7) lie on a circle with centre 0(2, -3y). Find the values of y. Hence find the radius of the circle. (2014D)

Solution:

Join OA and OB. …[radii of a circle

∴ OA = OB OA^{2} = OB^{2} …[Squaring both sides

⇒ (2 + 1)^{2} + (-3y – y)^{2} = (5 – 2)^{2} + (7 + 3y)^{2}

⇒ 9+ (-4y)^{2} = 9 + (7 + 3y)^{2}

⇒ 16y^{2} = 49 + 42y + 9y^{2}

⇒ 16y^{2} – 9y^{2} – 42y – 49 = 0

⇒ 7y^{2} – 42y – 49 = 0

⇒ y^{2} – 6y – 7 = 0 …[Dividing both sides by 7

⇒ y^{2} – 7y + y – 7 = 0

⇒ y(y – 7) + 1(y – 7) = 0

⇒ (y – 7) (y + 1) = 0

y – 7 = 0 or y + 1 = 0

y = 7 or y = -1

(i) Taking y = 7

Question 46.

If the points P(-3, 9), Q(a, b) and R(4, -5) are collinear and a + b = 1, find the values of a and b. (2014D)

Solution:

Similar to Question 37, Page 105.

Question 47.

The area of a triangle is 5 sq. units. Two of its vertices are (2, 1) and (3,-2). If the third vertex is (left(frac{7}{2}, yright)), find the value of y. (2017D)

Solution:

Given: Area of ∆ = 5 sq. units

Vertices: (2, 1), (3, -2) and (left(frac{7}{2}, yright))

Area of ∆

Question 48.

Find the ratio in which the line segment joining the points A(3, -3) and B(-2, 7) is divided by x-axis. Also find the coordinates of the point of division. (2014OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 41, Page 106.

Question 49.

In the Figure, ABC is a triangle coordinates of whose vertex A are (0, -1). D and E respectively are the mid-points of the sides AB and AC and their coordinates are (1, 0) and (0, 1) respectively. If F is the midpoint of BC, find the areas of ∆ABC and ∆DEF. (2016D)

Solution:

Let B (p, q), C (r, s)

and F(x, y)

Mid-point of AB = Coordinates of D

### Coordinate Geometry Class 10 Important Questions Long Answer (4 Marks)

Question 50.

If the points A(x, y), B(3, 6) and C(-3, 4) are collinear, show that x – 3y + 15 = 0. (2012OD)

Solution:

Pts. A(x, y), B(3, 6), C(-3, 4) are collinear.

∴ Area of ∆ = 0

As area of ∆

= (frac{1}{2})[x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

∴Area of ∆ABC

= x(6 – 4) + 3(4 – y) + (-3) (y – 6) = 0

= 2x + 12 – 3y – 3y + 18 = 0

= 2x – 6y + 30 = 0

∴ x – 3y + 15 = 0 … [Dividing both sides by 2

Question 51.

Find the values of k for which the points A(k + 1, 2k), B(3k, 2k + 3) and C(5k – 1, 5k) are collinear. (2015OD)

Solution:

A (k + 1, 2k), B(3k, 2k + 3) and C(5k – 1, 5k).

When points are collinear, area of ∆ is 0.

∴ Area of triangle = 0

⇒ [x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})] = 0

⇒ [(k + 1) (2k + 3 – 5k) + 3k (5k – 2k) + (5k – 1) (2k – 2k – 3)] = 0

⇒ [(k + 1) (3 – 3k) + 3k(3k) + (5k – 1)(-3)] = 0

⇒ [3k – 3k_{2} + 3 – 3k + 9k_{2} – 15k + 3) = 0

⇒ 6k_{2} – 15k + 6 = 0

⇒ 2k_{2} – 5k + 2 = 0

⇒ 2k_{2} – 4k – 1k + 2 = 0

⇒ 2k(k – 2) – 1(k – 2) = 0

⇒ (k – 2)(2k – 1) = 0

⇒ k – 2 = 0 or 2k – 1 = 0

⇒ k = 2 or k = (frac{1}{2})

We get, k = 2, (frac{1}{2})

Question 52.

If two vertices of an equilateral triangle are (3, 0) and (6, 0), find the third vertex. (2011D)

Solution:

Let A (3,0), B (6, 0), C (x, y).

∴ ∆ABC is an equilateral

∴ AB = BC = AC

AB^{2} = BC^{2} = AC^{2} …[Squaring throughout

(6 – 3)^{2} + (0 – 0)^{2} = (x – 6)^{2} + (1 – 0)^{2} = (x – 3)^{2} + (y – 0)^{2}

9 = x^{2} – 12x + 36 + y^{2} = x^{2} – 6x + 9 + y^{2}

Question 53.

Find the area of the triangle formed by joining the mid-points of the sides of the triangle whose vertices are A(2, 1), B(4, 3) and C(2, 5). (2011D)

Solution:

Question 54.

If the vertices of a triangle are (1, -3), (4, p) and (-9, 7) and its area is 15 sq. units, find the value(s) of p. (2012D)

Solution:

Area of ∆ = 15 sq. units

(frac{1}{2}) [1(p – 7) + 4(7 + 3)) + (-9)(-3 – p)] = ±15

p – 7 + 40 + 27 + 9p = ±30

10p + 60 = ± 30

10p = -60 ± 30

p = (frac{-60 pm 30}{10})

∴ Taking +ve sign, p = (frac{-60+30}{10}=frac{-30}{10}) = -3

Taking -ve sign, p = (frac{-60-30}{10}=frac{-90}{10}) = -9

Question 55.

For the triangle ABC formed by the points A(4, -6), B(3,-2) and C(5, 2), verify that median divides the triangle into two triangles of equal area. (2013OD)

Solution:

Let A(4, -6), B(3, -2) and C(5, 2) be the vertices of ∆ABC.

Since AD is the median

∴ D is the mid-point of BC.

⇒ D(left(frac{3+5}{2}, frac{-2+2}{2}right)) ⇒ D(4,0)

Area of ∆ABD

= (frac{1}{2}) [4(-2 – 0) + 3(0 + 6) + 4(-6 + 2)]

= (frac{1}{2}) [-8 + 18 – 16) = (frac{1}{2}) [-6] = -3

But area of A cannot be negative.

∴ ar(∆ABD) = 3 sq.units …(i)

Area of ∆ADC

= (frac{1}{2}) [4(0 – 2) + 4(2 + 6) + 5(-6 – 0)]

= (frac{1}{2})(-8 + 32 – 30] = (frac{1}{2}) [-6] = -3

But area of ∆ cannot be negative.

∴ ar(∆ADC) = 3 sq.units

From (i) and (ii),

∴ Median AD of AABC divides it into two ∆s of equal area.

Question 56.

If A(4, 2), B(7,6) and C(1, 4) are the vertices of a AABC and AD is its median, prove that the median AD divides AABC into two triangles of equal areas. (2014OD)

Solution:

Area of ∆ABD

= (frac{1}{2}) (x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

= (frac{1}{2})[4(6 – 5) + 7(5 – 2) + 4(2 – 6))

= (frac{1}{2})(4 + 21 – 16) = (frac{9}{2}) sq.units …(i)

Area of ∆ADC

= (frac{1}{2}) [4(5 – 4) + 4(4 – 2) + 162 – 5)]

= (frac{1}{2})(4 + 8 – 3) = (frac{9}{2})sq.units

From (i) and (ii),

Area of ∆ABD = Area of ∆ADC

∴ Median AD divides ∆ABC into two triangles of equal area.

Question 57.

Find the values of k so that the area of the triangle with vertices (k + 1, 1), (4, -3) and (7, -k) is 6 sq. units. (2015OD)

Solution:

Let A(k + 1, 1), B(4, -3) and C(7, -k).

We have, Area of ∆ABC = 6 … [Given

6 = (frac{1}{2}) [x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

6 = (frac{1}{2})[(k + 1)(-3 + k) + 4(-k – 1) + 7(1 + 3)]

12 = (-3k + k^{2} – 3 + k – 4k – 4 + 28]

12 = [k^{2} – 6k + 21]

⇒ k^{2} – 6k + 21 – 12 = 0

⇒ k^{2} – 6k + 9 = 0

⇒ k^{2} – 3k – 3k + 9 = 0

⇒ k(k – 3) – 3(k – 3) = 0 =

⇒ (k – 3) (k – 3) = 0

⇒ k – 3 = 0 or k – 3 = 0

⇒ k = 3 or k = 3

Solving to get k = 3.

Question 58.

Prove that the area of a triangle with vertices (t, t – 2), (t + 2, t + 2) and (t + 3, t) is independent of t. (2016D)

Solution:

Let A(t, t – 2), B(t + 2, + + 2), C(t + 3, t).

Area of ∆ABC

= (frac{1}{2})[x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

= (frac{1}{2}) [t(t + 2 – t) + (t + 2)(t – (t – 2)) +(t + 3)((t – 2) – (t + 2))]

= (frac{1}{2}) [t(2) + (t + 2)(2) + (t + 3)(-4)]

= (frac{1}{2}) (2+ + 2+ + 4 – 46 – 12] = (frac{1}{2}) [-8] = -4

Area of ∆ is always positive.

∴ Area of ∆ = 4 sq. units, which is independent of t.

Question 59.

If the centroid of ∆ABC, in which A(a, b), B(b, c), C(c, a) is at the origin, then calculate the value of (a^{3} + b^{3} + c). (2012OD)

Solution:

a + b + c = 0

If a + b + c = 0

then, as we know

a^{3} + b^{3} + c^{3} – 3abc = (a + b + c)(a^{2} + b^{2} + c^{2} – ab – bc – ac) ∴ a^{3} + b^{3} + c^{3} – 3abc = 0 … [Since a + b + c = 0

∴ a^{3} + b^{3} + c^{3} = 3abc …(Hence proved)

Question 60.

If the area of triangle ABC formed by A(x, y), B(1, 2) and C(2, 1) is 6 square units, then prove that x + y = 15 or x + y = -9. (2013D)

Solution:

Let A(x, y), B(1, 2), C(2, 1).

Area of ∆ABC = 6 sq. units …[Given

As (frac{1}{2}) [x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})] = 6

∴ x(2 – 1) + 1(1 – y) + 2(y – 2) = ±12

x + 1 – y + 2y – 4 = ±12

Taking +ve sign

x + y = 12 + 4 – 1

∴ x + y = 15

Taking -ve sign

x + y = -12 + 4 – 1

∴ x + y = -9

Question 61.

In the given figure, the vertices of ∆ABC are A(4, 6), B(1, 5) and C(7, 2). A line segment DE is drawn to intersect the sides AB and AC at D and E respectively such that (frac{A D}{A B}=frac{A E}{A C}=frac{1}{3}). Calculate the area of ∆ADE and compare it with area of ∆ABC. (2016OD)

Solution:

AD : AB = 1 : 3; AE : AC = 1 : 3

∴AD : DB = 1 : 2; AE : EC = 1 : 2

Question 62.

Point P(x, 4) lies on the line segment joining the points A(-5, 8) and B(4, -10). Find the ratio in which point P divides the line segment AB. Also find the value of x. (2011OD)

Solution:

Question 63.

A point P divides the line segment joining the points A(3, -5) and B(-4, 8) such that (frac{mathbf{A P}}{mathbf{P B}}=frac{mathbf{K}}{mathbf{1}}). If P lies on the line x + y = 0, then find the value of K. (2012D)

Solution:

Question 64.

Find the ratio in which the point P(x, 2) divides the line segment joining the points A(12, 5) and B(4, -3). Also, find the value of x. (2014D)

Solution:

Question 65.

If (3, 3), (6, y), (x, 7) and (5, 6) are the vertices of a parallelogram taken in order, find the values of x and y. (2011D)

Solution:

Let A (3, 3), B (6, y), C (x, 7) and D (5, 6).

Question 66.

Find the area of the quadrilateral ABCD whose vertices are A(-3, -1), B(-2, -4), C(4, -1) and D(3, 4). (2011D, 2012OD)

Solution:

Area of ∆ = (frac{1}{2})[x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

∴ Area of ∆ABC

= (frac{1}{2})[(-3)(4 + 1) + (-2){-1 – (-1)} +4{-1 – (- 4}}]

= (frac{1}{2})[9+ 0 + 12] = 21 sq. units …(i)

∴ Area of ∆ACD

= (frac{1}{2})[-3(-1 – 4) + 4{(4 – (-1)} + 34{-1 – (-1)}]

= (frac{1}{2}) [15 + 20 + 0]

= (frac{1}{2})[15 + 20] = (frac{35}{2}) sq. units

∴ ar(quad. ABCD) = ar (∆ABC) + ar(∆ACD)

= (frac{21}{2}+frac{35}{2}) …[From (i) & (ii)

= (frac{56}{2}) = 28 sq. units

Question 67.

The three vertices of a parallelogram ABCD are A(3, 4), B(-1, -3) and C(-6, 2). Find the coordinates of vertex D and find the area of ABCD. (2013D)

Solution:

Area of ∆ = (frac{1}{2})[x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

∴ Area of ∆ABC

= (frac{1}{2}) [3(-3 – 2) + (-1)(2 + 4) + (-6)(+4+3)]

= (frac{1}{2}) [-15 – 6 +6] = (frac{-15}{2})

= (frac{15}{2}) sq. units …[∵ ar of A cannot be -ve.

Since diagram of a parallelogram divides it into 2 equal areas.

∴ ar(||^{gm} ABCD) = 2(area of ∆ABC) = 2(left(frac{15}{2}right))

= 15 sq. units

Question 68.

If the points A(1, -2), B(2, 3), C(-3, 2) and D(-4, -3) are the vertices of parallelogram ABCD, then taking AB as the base, find the height of this parallelogram. (2013OD)

Solution:

1st method. A(1, -2), B(2, 3), D(-4, -3)

.. Area of ∆ABD

= (frac{1}{2}) [x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

= (frac{1}{2}) [1(3 + 3) + 2(-3 + 2) + (-4)(-2 – 3)]

= (frac{1}{2}) [6 – 2 + 20) = (frac{24}{2}) sq.units

ar(∆ABD) = 12 sq.units

= (frac{1}{2}) × AB × DM = 12 sq.units …[Area of ∆ = 1/2 × Base × Altitude

Area of ∆ABC

= (frac{1}{2}) [x_{2}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

= (frac{1}{2})[1(3 – 2) + 2(2 + 2) + (-3)(-2 – 3)]

= (frac{1}{2})[1 + 8 + 15] = 12 sq. unit

Area of ∆ABC = 12

⇒ (frac{1}{2}) × AB × CP = 12 …[Area of ∆ = 1/2 × Base × Height

Question 69.

Find the value of k, if the points P(5, 4), Q(7, k) and R(9, – 2) are collinear. (2011D)

Solution:

Given points are P(5, 4), Q(7, k) and R(9, -2).

x_{1} (y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2}) = 0 …[∵ Points are collinear

∴ 5 (k + 2) + 7 (- 2 – 4) + 9 (4 – k) = 0

5k + 10 – 14 – 28 + 36 – 9k = 0

4 = 4k ∴ k=1

Question 70.

If P(2, 4) is equidistant from Q(7, 0) and R(x, 9), find the values of x. Also find the distance PQuestion (2011D)

Solution:

PQ = PR …[Given

PQ^{2} = PR^{2} … [Squaring both sides

∴ (7 – 2)^{2} + (0 – 4)^{2} = (x – 2)^{2} + (9 – 4)^{2}

⇒ 25 + 16 = (x – 2)^{2} + 25

⇒ 16 = (x – 2)^{2}

⇒ ±4 = x – 2 …[Taking sq. root of both sides

⇒ 2 ± 4 = x

⇒ x = 2 + 4 = 6 or x = 2 – 4 = -2

Question 71.

Find the point of y-axis which is equidistant from the points (-5, -2) and (3, 2). (2011D)

Solution:

Similar to Question 26, Page 103.

Question 72.

Point M(11, y) lies on the line segment joining the points P(15, 5) and Q(9, 20). Find the ratio in which point M divides the line segment PQuestion Also find the value of y. (2011OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 62, Page 110.

Question 73.

Find the coordinates of a point P, which lies on the line segment joining the points A(-2, -2) and B(2, -4) such that AP = (frac{3}{7})AB. (2012OD)

Solution:

AP = (frac{3}{7})AB …(Given)

(frac{mathrm{AP}}{mathrm{AB}}=frac{3}{7})

Let AP = 3K, AB = 7K

BP = AB – AP = 7K – 3K = 4K

∴ (frac{A P}{A B}=frac{3 K}{4 K}=frac{3}{4})

Using Section formula, we have

(Pleft(frac{6-8}{3+4}, frac{-12-8}{3+4}right) Rightarrowleft(frac{-2}{7}, frac{-20}{7}right))

Question 74.

Find the value of k, for which the points A(6,-1), B(k, -6) and C(0, -7) are collinear. (2012OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 69, Page 112.

Question 75. Find the value of p, if the points A(1, 2), B(3, p) and C(5, -4) are collinear. (2012OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 69, Page 112.

Question 76. Find the value of x for which the points (x, -1), (2, 1) and (4, 5) are collinear. (2013D)

Solution:

Similar to Question 69, Page 112.

Question 77.

Find the area of a parallelogram ABCD if three of its vertices are A(2, 4), B(2 + (sqrt{3}), 5) and C(2,6). (2013OD)

Solution:

Area of ∆ABD

= (frac{1}{2}) (x_{1}(y_{2} – y_{3}) + x_{2}(y_{3} – y_{1}) + x_{3}(y_{1} – y_{2})]

= (frac{1}{2}) [2(5 – 6) + (2 + (sqrt{3}))(6 – 4) + 2(4 – 5))

= (frac{1}{2}) (-2 + 4 + 2(sqrt{3}) – 2)

= (frac{1}{2}) (2(sqrt{3})) = (sqrt{3})

Since diagonal of a ||^{gm} divides it into two equal areas.

Area of ABCD (||^{gm}) = 2(Area of ∆ABC)

= 2(sqrt{3})3 sq. units

Question 78.

If A(-3,5), B(-2, -7), C(1, -8) and D(6, 3) are the vertices of a quadrilateral ABCD, find its area. (2014OD0

Solution:

Similar to Question 66, Page 111.

Question 79.

A(4, -6), B(3, -2) and C(5, 2) are the vertices of a ∆ABC and AD is its median. Prove that the median AD divides AABC into two triangles of equal areas. (2014OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 56, Page 109.

Question 80.

If A(-, 8), B(-3,-4), C(0, -5) and D(5, 6) are the vertices of a quadrilateral ABCD, find its area. (2015D)

Solution:

Similar to Question 66, Page 111.

Question 81.

If P(-5, -3), Q(-4, -6), R(2, -3) and S(1, 2) are the vertices of a quadrilateral PQRS, find its area. (2015D)

Solution:

Similar to Question 66, Page 111.

Question 82.

Find the values of k so that the area of the triangle with vertices (1, -1), (-4, 2k) and (-k, -5) is 24 sq. units. (2015OD)

Solution:

Similar to Question 57, Page 109.

Question 83.

The x-coordinate of a point P is twice its y coordinate. If P is equidistant from Q (2, -5) and R(-3, 6), find the coordinates of P. (2016D)

Solution:

Let the point P be (2k, k), Q(2,-5), R(-3, 6)

PQ = PR …Given

PQ^{2} = PR^{2} …[Squaring both sides

(2k – 2)^{2} + (k + 5)^{2} = (2k + 3)^{2} + (k – 6)^{2} …Given

4k^{2} + 4 – 8k + k^{2} + 10k + 25 = 4k^{2} + 9 + 12k + k^{2} – 12k + 36

⇒ 2k + 29 = 45

⇒ 2k = 45 – 29

⇒ 2k = 16

⇒ k = 8

Hence coordinates of point P are (16, 8).